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#1 Posted : Tuesday, April 05, 2022 8:38:18 AM(UTC)

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What are the Symptoms and Signs of Orchitis?

Orchitis is a medical condition in which one or both testicles are swollen and inflamed. This usually happens due to an infection by a bacteria or a virus. In some cases, the exact cause of orchitis can't be determined with accuracy.To get more news about Orchitis cause infertility, you can visit our official website.
A man can suffer from orchitis due to the spread of bacteria through the bloodstream from other parts of the body. The condition can also be caused by epididymitis, an infection of the tube that acts as the carrier of semen from the testicles. This condition is called epididymo-orchitis.
Bacterial orchitis can be caused by various bacteria, including Escherichia coli, Streptococcus, and Staphylococcus. Prostate infection may appear in combination with orchitis. In several cases, epididymitis also becomes one of the bacterial orchitis causes. Epididymitis is the condition in which the epididymis or the long, coiled tube located at the back of the testicles becomes swollen, inflamed, and painful. This tube is responsible for carrying sperm from the testicles.

Bacteria that are responsible for causing sexually transmitted diseases (STD), such as syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea, can become the reason for orchitis in sexually active men.The most common cause of viral orchitis is the virus that causes mumps. Almost one-third of the adolescent boys who suffer from mumps after puberty can also get orchitis. The condition develops about four to seven days after the mumps infection sets in. In many such cases, orchitis leads to the development of testicular atrophy. Testicular atrophy is the condition in which shrinkage of the testicles takes place along with a loss of functions.

A male with many sexual partners, engaging in unprotected sex or having sex with a partner suffering from STI or with a history of STI is at high risk of contracting bacterial orchitis. A person may be at the risk of developing non-sexually transmitted orchitis if he hadn't had proper immunization against mumps.

Bacterial or viral infections aren't the only things that can cause the condition. The risk for orchitis also increases if a person is born with congenital urinary tract abnormalities. A person who has undergone surgery that involves the urinary tract or the genitals, or has a catheter placed into the bladder frequently also has a high risk of developing orchitis.
There are several orchitis symptoms. In most cases, the signs and symptoms of this medical condition develop suddenly. Sudden pain in one or both the testicles that may spread to the groin is the main symptom of this condition.

Orchitis or the inflammation of one or both testicles is a serious condition. If left untreated, it can lead to shrinkage of testicles and even infertility in men. As such, orchitis must be treated at the earliest and with proper care.

Treatment in most cases of orchitis requires administering antibiotics along with anti-inflammatory medications and cold packs. Complete recovery from orchitis may take several weeks, regardless of the cause of inflammation.

In most cases, doctors advise patients suffering from this condition against indulging in sexual intercourse and lifting heavy objects while they are getting treated and recovering from orchitis.

Generally, full recovery from orchitis is possible if the treatment starts before the condition reaches an extreme stage. The doctor may also ask the patient to undergo a re-evaluation at the end of the treatment so as to be sure that the condition has been fully cured.
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